Learn more about the Boulder brain coral – with amazing Boulder brain coral photos and facts on Arkive. Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (). World List of Scleractinia. Colpophyllia natans (Houttuyn, ). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: . Colpophyllia natans. (Houttuyn, ). Colonies are large and hemispherical or encrusting. Valleys are usually long and sinuous but may become short, with.

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Satomi’s pygmy seahorse Hippocampus satomiae. It is characterised by large, domed colonies, which may be up to two metres nxtans, and by the meandering network of ridges and valleys on its surface.

There is a sharp break between the wall and the valley floor. Advanced Aquarist’s Online Magazine.

The boulder brain coral Colpophyllia natans is named for its large, boulder-like coloniesthe surfaces of which are covered in a meandering pattern of curved, brown ridges, separated by tan, green or whitish depressions, known as valleys 3 4 5 6. Organic compounds are made and oxygen is given off as a by-product.

Freckled guitarfish Rhinobatos lentiginosus. Ecological Society of America. In the related Closed-valley brain coral Colpophyllia breviserialisthe valleys are closed and hold only one or two polyps. It can be found down to a depth of fifty metres, but is more often established closer nnatans the surface.

Walls commonly have a groove running along their tops.

Help us share the wonders of the natural world. You can continue searching for Colpophyllia natans on one of these Web sites: Colpophyllia is a genus of stony corals in the family Mussidae.

A synonym of C.

The valleys and walls are broad and may be 2 cm wide, which distinguishes this brain coral from the Diploria species which are narrower. Larvae are typically very different in appearance to adults; they are able to feed and move around but usually are unable to reproduce. Although generally considered to be the only species in the genus Colpophylliasome colonies of the boulder brain coral possess short valleys containing only one to three polyps 3and are considered by some to be a separate species, Colpophyllia breviserialis closed-valley brain coral 4 5.


It is identifiable in fossil records at least since the early Pliocene.


This species is affected by global climate change. As a cklpophyllia of brain coralthe surface of the skeleton is a network of winding, curving valleys and ridges or walls that roughly resemble the familiar folding architecture of the mammal cerebrum. Marine Species Identification Portal.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. To learn about climate change and the species that are affected, visit our climate change pages. This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. Inhabit reef tops and reef slopes, down to 50 meters. Archived from the original on Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project.

Boulder brain coral videos, photos and facts – Colpophyllia natans | Arkive

Common in Florida, Bahamas and Caribbean. It is one of the Caribbean corals most afflicted by black band diseaseand along with Montastraea spp. It is monotypic with a single species, Colpophyllia natanscommonly known as boulder brain coral or large-grooved brain coral.

The ridge tops are indented with nattans single thin groove.

Its valleys may extend the entire width of colonies, or be subdivided into shorter series. Corals Sponges Soft Corals and other groups. This coral inhabits relatively shallow reef environments at depths of up to 55 metres 1 3 4 7. Hermaphrodite Possessing both male and female sex organs. This is a very large, meandroid or brain coral whose colones may exceed I metre across.

Individuals in the group are not physiologically connected and may not be related, such as a colony of birds. Typically the ridges are brown and the valleys green, tan or whitish. Gulf of Mexico Science23 1: A guide to Caribbean corals, octocorals and sponges.


Polyp Typically sedentary soft-bodied component of cnidaria, a group of simple aquatic animals including the sea anemones, corals and jellyfish. The boulder brain coral is an aggressive species, which is able to dominate neighbouring corals by extruding filaments which digest the tissues of its competitors.

Another pathogen, so far unidentified, killed in one year, between andapproximately half of the corals present in Bird Key Reef of the Dry Tortugas.

Another colpophyllia species, C. The surface is covered with a curved system of ridges and colpophylliw. Marine Ecology Progress Series. Fertilisation The fusion of gametes male and female reproductive cells to produce an embryo, which grows into a new individual.

Category:Colpophyllia natans – Wikimedia Commons

Met naauwkeurige afbeeldingen “Natural history, or an extensive description of the animals, plants and minerals, after the compilation of Linnaeus, with accurate illustrations”. The boulder brain coral can be distinguished from the similar Diploria brain corals by its wider valleys and ridges 3 5.

This strategy helps the boulder brain coral to successfully compete for space on the reef Budding Type of asexual reproduction reproduction that does not involve the formation of sex cellsin which new individuals develop from the parent organism, forming a swelling similar in appearance to a bud.

Team WILD, an elite squadron of science superheroes, needs your help! Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 12 Augustat